To stay healthy, both mentally, physically, and emotionally, it’s important to exercise regularly. Three times a week, an hour of moderate to intense exercising already benefits your brain. Exercise can help you handle challenges in life better, which is exactly what we need to stay sane in a world of ambiguity and uncertainties. Besides all the side effects such as growing muscles, burning calories, and strengthening your heart and lungs, exercise helps to get your brain in top condition!
Exercising makes you smarter
Exercising puts your brain in an optimal state for learning. To learn new things, brain cells have to grow, to which exercising contributes to. Exercising helps influence the development of the brain in various positive ways. It improves the learning capacity, helps us to learn faster and better, and improves memory. Exercising also increases concentration and motivation. The parts of the brain associated with this show a boost in function both during and after exercise. In 1999, a study found that we develop new nerve connections and even completely new brain cells throughout our lives (Princeton University, 1999). Exercising plays an important role in renewing your brain cells, partially because exercise improves your brain’s blood and oxygen flow. Pro tip: to actively train your brain, it can help focus on specific sports that require you to use your brain, such as playing tennis or learning to salsa dance.
Exercise affects emotional well-being, especially in children and young people, but has a strong positive effect on all age groups. When exercising, we actively build on our self-confidence, self-esteem, sometimes even our spirituality, and depending on the sport, the connection with others. Active sports provide us with satisfaction and pleasure. The rate of satisfaction depends on factors such as the social environment, trainers, and fellow trainees. The fact that the workout improves your social skills and relationships by intervening in the craving to constantly check your iPhone is an extra positive side effect!
Exercising vs. Depression
Another great health benefit: it can help combat depression and other mental health challenges. Exercising appears to be an effective medicine for mental health issues such as stress, depression, anxiety, addiction, and ADD. Various studies show that active exercising one to three times a week can significantly help decrease the chance of developing a (manic) depression or anxiety disorder and help alleviate other mood disturbance symptoms (Hearing & Chang, 2016). This effect is only partially due to the so-called “runners’ high, a euphoric feeling during and after exercise, caused by the neurotransmitter endorphins. Exercising helps to optimize various neurotransmitters simultaneously, which has similar effects on our brain as taking antidepressants (Hearing & Chang, 2016).
However, exercise prevents negative psychological symptoms and can also be used as a medicine against existing complaints. Running therapy can be used as a part of the treatment of depression and anxiety, and running three times a week for half an hour for four months can already significantly help improve the symptoms. So, dust off those running shoes and hit the road!
Hearing, C. M., & Chang, W. C. (2016). Physical Exercise for Treatment of Mood Disorders: A Critical Review. Curr Behav Neurosci Rep. DOI:10.1007/s40473-016-0089-y
Princeton University. (1999, October 15). Scientists Discover Addition Of New Brain Cells In Highest Brain Area. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/1999/10/991015080607.htm