By James E. Burt PhD, Gerald M. Barber PhD, David L. Rigby PhD
Widely followed, this uniquely complete textual content introduces the options and ideas of facts in human and actual geography. not like different texts that gloss over the conceptual foundations and concentration completely on technique, the e-book explains not just how you can follow quantitative instruments but additionally why and the way they paintings. scholars achieve very important abilities for using either traditional and spatial information of their personal study, in addition to for significantly comparing the paintings of others. so much chapters are self-contained with a view to supply greatest flexibility in direction layout. Requiring no math past algebra, the booklet is definitely suited to undergraduate and starting graduate-level classes. invaluable positive aspects contain bankruptcy summaries, feedback for extra examining, and perform difficulties on the finish of every chapter.
New to This Edition
*Restructured and up to date to mirror present advancements within the box.
*Five totally new chapters conceal graphical equipment, spatial relationships, research of variance, extending regression research, and spatial research.
*Features much more labored examples, many with accompanying graphics.
*The spouse site deals datasets and options to chose end-of-chapter routines.
Read or Download Elementary Statistics for Geographers PDF
Best methodology books
This quantity includes chosen essays of Manfred M. Fischer within the box of spatial research from the viewpoint of GeoComputation. the quantity is dependent in 4 elements. the 1st units the context via facing wide matters similar with spatial research and the function of GIS. the second one pertains to computational intelligence applied sciences corresponding to neural networks that offer a brand new variety of acting spatial modelling and research projects in geography and different spatial sciences.
New 3rd version! If sociology might train every person only one factor, what wouldn't it be? The woodland and the bushes is one sociologist's reaction to the hypothetical-the middle perception with the best strength to alter how humans see the realm and themselves on the subject of it. This 3rd variation beneficial properties: * up to date key references, facts, assets, and examples, from worldwide warming, Obama's election, and homosexual marriage to transgender and the Occupy move * A thesaurus of phrases * the quick essays in bankruptcy 6, framed round the strength of sociology, dig underneath effortless and renowned understandings to bare what lies underneath * an extra research of ways men's violence is made invisible even supposing such a lot violence is perpetrated through males * bankruptcy 7's specialize in sociology as a worldview with an research of the origins of white privilege
Contents eleven. 2. 2. 4 major components of Dispute 247 eleven. 2. three. precis . . . 248 eleven. three. Making feel of the problems . . 248 eleven. three. 1. creation . . . . 248 eleven. three. 2. The medical method 248 eleven. three. three. technological know-how and issues of Society . 249 eleven. three. four. precis . 251 eleven. four. Tying all of it jointly . . . . 251 eleven.
Steven Schäller präsentiert eine umfassende Studie zum challenge der Bundesstaatlichkeit unter dem Grundgesetz. Zunächst werden die beiden Begriffe ‚Föderalismus‘ und ‚Bundesstaat‘ als ideengeschichtlich weit zurückreichende und theoretisch-systematisch verankerte Topoi grundlegend aufgearbeitet. Daran schließt sich eine examine der Rechtsprechungspraxis des Bundesverfassungsgerichts an.
- Political Thought and History: Essays on Theory and Method
- Research Design in European Studies: Establishing Causality in Europeanization
- Social Sequence Analysis: Methods and Applications
- Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Rorty and the Mirror of Nature (Routledge Philosophy GuideBooks)
- HabitusAnalysis 1: Epistemology and Language
Extra resources for Elementary Statistics for Geographers
Statistics and information. Figure 1-6 displays the concept of the hierarchy of information as described by many information system analysts. At the lowest level of the hierarchy is data. 3: specific observations of measured numbers. At the next level of the hierarchy, we have information. Information is developed from the data by processing and summarizing the data to yield facts and ideas. DEFINITION: INFORMATION Data that have been processed into a meaningful form, one that has value to the user, have been transformed into information.
We discussed some of the characteristics of those data and how they influence the form of statistical investigation. We continue this theme in Chapter 2 by examining how to display and how to read or interpret different kinds of data. A set of statistics, or numeric information, can tell many stories. One story involves what the data represent. For example, what variable is being measured, and what is the unit of measurement? These questions are not incidental to subsequent analysis. For example, suppose an economic geographer wished to compare unemployment rates over time across a number of countries.
It should be clear that any data collection procedure should be undertaken in parallel with an exercise in metadata creation. As our data collection takes place we continually augment our metadata file or document to reflect all characteristics that may be important to users. When, where, what, and how were the data collected? by whom? where? It is almost as difficult to provide accurate metadata as it is to provide the data themselves! Data acquisition methods can be classified as either experimental or nonexperimental.