By Kaoru Horie

Complementation, i.e. predication encoded in argument slots, is well-renowned for its syntactic and semantic variability throughout languages. As such, it poses a tantalizing descriptive/explanatory problem to linguists of any theoretical persuasion.
Recent advancements in Cognitive and Functional-typological linguistics have enabled researchers to deal with quite a few unexplored learn questions about complementation phenomena. The seven papers incorporated during this quantity symbolize the newest endeavors to discover cognitive-functional foundations of complementation phenomena from numerous theoretical views (Cognitive Grammar, psychological house conception, Typology, Discourse-functional linguistics, Cognitive Science). The seven papers are prefaced through an introductory bankruptcy (Kaoru Horie and Bernard Comrie) which situates the present quantity in the significant complementation reports of the previous 40 years. This paintings provides a brand new theoretical venue of complementation reports and complements our realizing of this complicated but interesting syntactic and semantic phenomenon.

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14) Choo-kun wa, tagai ni jikoshookai o shita atode, Mr. Cho top each-other adv self-introduction obj did after watashi ga honkon ni tsuita bakari na no o shiruto, … I subj Hong-Kong in arrived just link comp obj when-learn ‘When he learned that I had just arrived in Hong Kong after we exchanged introductions, Mr. Cho … ’ (Sawaki 1986: 73) 41 42 Satoko Suzuki (15) Kore ga honkon no yado no sooba toshite takai no this subj Hong-Kong link hotel link market as expensive nmlzr ka yasui no ka wakaranakatta ga, fundakuru to yuu kanji no fp cheap nmlzr fp knew-not but rip-off comp say sort link nedan denai koto dake wa wakatta.

B: Aa tashika ni. ’ A: Iyaa nanika saikin ibento sukunaidesu ne toka. ’ When one says ‘the likes of X’ or ‘X and the like,’ these expressions suggest lack of specification. In sentences with nante and toka the suggestion of lack of specification 47 48 Satoko Suzuki often adds an additional element to the speaker’s psychological distance which is already present because of their being de dicto complementizers. In the above examples with nante and toka ((22), (23), (24), and (26)) the speaker disapproves or is contemptuous toward the information expressed in the complement.

Historical Linguistics 93. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 191–203. Horie, Kaoru. 1997. “Three types of nominalization in Modern Japanese: No, koto, and zero”. Linguistics 35 (5): 879–894. Horie, Kaoru. 1998a. “On the polyfunctionality of the Japanese particle no: From the perspectives of ontology and grammaticalization”. In Ohori, Toshio. ), Studies in Japanese Grammaticalization. Tokyo: Kurosio Publishers, 169–192. Horie, Kaoru. 1998b. “Functional duality of case-marking particles in Japanese and its implications for grammaticalization: A contrastive study with Korean” In Silva (1998), 147–159.

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