By Edward A Wasserman, Thomas R Zentall
In 1978, Hulse, Fowler, and Honig released Cognitive strategies in Animal habit, an edited quantity that was once a landmark within the clinical learn of animal intelligence. It liberated curiosity in complicated studying and cognition from the take hold of of the inflexible theoretical buildings of behaviorism that had prevailed throughout the prior 4 a long time, and for that reason, the sector of comparative cognition was once born. in the end, the research of the cognitive capacities of animals except people emerged as a priceless medical company. No much less rigorous than merely behavioristic investigations, stories of animal intelligence spanned such wide-ranging themes as notion, spatial studying and reminiscence, timing and numerical competence, categorization and conceptualization, challenge fixing, rule studying, and creativity.During the resultant 25 years, the sector of comparative cognition has thrived and grown, and public curiosity in it has risen to exceptional degrees. of their quest to appreciate the character and mechanisms of intelligence, researchers have studied animals from bees to chimpanzees. classes on comparative cognition became universal at conferences of the most important societies for psychology and neuroscience, and in reality, study in comparative cognition has elevated loads separate society, the Comparative Cognition Society, has been shaped to deliver it jointly. This quantity celebrates comparative cognition's first sector century with a state of the art number of chapters masking the huge realm of the clinical learn of animal intelligence. Comparative Cognition can be a useful source for college students researchers in all components of psychology and neuroscience.
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Extra resources for Comparative Cognition: Experimental Explorations of Animal Intelligence
2. Stimuli used in the series of Ponzo experiments with pigeons and primates. (From “What You See Is Different From What I See: Species Differences in Visual Perception,” by K. Fujita, 2001b, in Primate Origins of Human Cognition and Behavior, edited by T. Matsuzawa, p. 35. Copyright 2001 by Springer-Verlag Tokyo. ) Illusion, Completion, and Spatiotemporal Boundary Formation be longer than a predetermined length. The pigeons were thus asked to classify bars of various lengths into “long” and “short” categories based on their absolute length.
If this hypothesis is correct, then baboons’ difﬁculty in perceiving the occluded object would have the same basis as their difﬁculty in perceiving the global structure of hierarchical stimuli (Navon, 1977). That is, this difﬁculty would result from a diminished capacity for perceptual grouping. We can further hypothesize that the use of the corridor background facilitated depth processing and induced greater attention to the global aspects of the stimuli. Attention to the global aspects of the stimuli may have helped the baboons to identify the T junctions of the display and thus to detect the (amodal) continuities of the disconnected contours.
Knight, R. T. (1990). Component mechanisms underlying the processing of hierarchically organized patterns: Inferences from patients with unilateral cortical lesions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 16, 471–483. Lea, S. E. , Slater, A. , & Ryan, C. M. E. (1996). Perception of object unity in chicks: A comparison with the human infant. Infant Behavior and Development, 19, 501–504. Martin, M. (1979). Local and global processing: The role of sparsity. Memory and Cognition, 7, 476–484.