By Terrence Guay
The writer examines the level to which the ecu Union and its guidelines impression Europe's defence undefined. He means that the top of the chilly warfare and monetary globalization are significant elements pushing defence business matters to the local point. The publication describes institutional struggles among the ecu fee, Council and Parliament during this coverage quarter. The interdisciplinary method addresses political financial system, establishment construction, ecu safety and defence, transatlantic family members, business restructuring, and the effect of defence zone curiosity groups.
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Extra info for At Arm’s Length: The European Union and Europe’s Defence Industry
However, even with these economic inefficiencies and political uncertainties, the cost is still less than for each country to produce a system individually. The FLA project is intended to close one fairly large hole in Europe's aerospace industrial capabilities: the development and production of a large transport aircraft. 2 per cent by CASA), and is the world's second biggest civil aircraft manufacturer. In 1994 Airbus won more orders than Boeing for the first time, and now holds about 30 per cent of the world market.
As discussed in Chapter 1, the ability to influence armaments production is at the heart of a country's sovereignty. Aside from the national security implications, there are the effects on employment that a thorough 26 At Arm's Length restructuring of Europe's defense industry would entail. In continental Europe, employment rights and a political climate which opposes massive redundancies mean that defense firms remain overstaffed. Nevertheless, the number of workers in Europe's defense industry has fallen.
Defense firms have seen their sales plummet as existing orders have been scaled back and future projects have been shelved or scrapped. The countries with large defense industrial bases buy most of their weapons domestically. France, Britain, and the US spend only about 10 per cent of their equipment procurement budgets abroad. 1 As a result, defense firms in these countries have been under considerable pressure. Second, technological developments have blurred the distinction between military and civilian technologies.