By Rachel Baird
Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing threatens the viability of excessive seas dwelling assets. This booklet info the efforts of the conference for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine residing assets fee and the Australian govt to undertake complementary measures to discourage IUU fishing within the Southern Ocean. It describes how those numerous measures have confirmed powerful in deterring IUU operators.
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Additional info for Aspects of Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing in the Southern Ocean (Reviews: Methods and Technologies in Fish Biology and Fisheries)
The analysis supports the conclusion that ﬁsheries law evolved in the wake of the settlement of the freedom of navigation on the high seas. During this same period, and perhaps as a reﬂection of the political climate of nation building and colonisation, coastal State jurisdiction over an adjacent sea corridor was also internationally recognised and later enshrined within the LOSC. Shortly after the formation of the Dutch East India Company, Grotius was requested to write a treatise on the law of prize.
Ibid. Ibid. 1999 Report of the UNSG on Oceans and law of the sea, above, paragraph 252. 90 Indeed IUU ﬁshing cannot be regarded in simple terms of undesirable ﬁshing activity. There are many factors driving the persistence of IUU ﬁshing, including the economic beneﬁts to be gained by the operators and owners of the vessels. 6 The Experience of IUU Fishing in the Southern Ocean Whilst RFMOs have generally reported high levels of IUU ﬁshing within their respective area of competence,92 the impact of organised IUU ﬁshing has been felt particularly in the Southern Ocean and within the EEZs located adjacent to a number of sub-Antarctic islands.
See the International Law Association’s New Delhi Declaration of Principles of International Law relating to Sustainable Development (2002). It is noted that historically vessels sailed under the ﬂag of a State in order to enjoy the beneﬁts of protection of that State during commerce and exploration. See D. Caron, ‘Ships, Nationality and Status’ Encyclopaedia of Public International Law Vol. 4 (2000), 400. The duties of ﬂag States and ﬂags of convenience are examined further below in this Chapter.