By Faith Njeri Nguthi
Utilizing tissue-cultured expertise is a probably vital manner for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the scenario of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming group, this is applicable much more. The study documented during this e-book examines the stability among required inputs and power merits of utilising the tissue-cultured expertise between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, principal Kenya, utilizing a livelihood procedure. the implications exhibit that adoption of the expertise and its persisted use differs in response to the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, particularly a water tank, inhibits adoption, without reference to HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed by means of aged women dominate one of the bad families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, not directly with the feasibility of sustainable expertise adoption. The examine additionally indicates that livelihood judgements and methods of farming families are motivated by means of land tenure prestige (having name deeds or now not) and labour constraints on the family point. The latter come up as a result of HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality
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Additional info for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya
Apart from material loss rural households are also losing social solidarity through loosening of social bonds and the thinning of social fabrics (Rugalema, 1999). What used to be safety nets for most rural folks have now become ‘safety nets with holes’ that can Adoption of agricultural innovations by smallholder farmers 39 Chapter 2 no longer be relied upon for support in times of crisis (Baylies, 2002). Müller (2004, 2005a, 2005b) presents an overview of the impacts of HIV/AIDS on livelihoods of rural farming households in sub-Saharan Africa.
The effects of morbidity and mortality in agricultural and related institutions have been analysed by several authors (Loevinsohn & Gillespie, 2003; Topouzis, 2000; Haddad and Gillespie, 2001). One effect is the increases in the workload of Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) staff that leads to severance of key linkages in the organisation and service delivery chain and compromises the quality, scope and continuity of agricultural extension services. The second effect is the impact that the disease has on depleting the pool of highly skilled and specialised personnel.
Literature has shown that in those parts of sub-Saharan Africa where the epidemic has reached peaks, rural households are facing health care costs they cannot meet without selling assets or going into debt. As the cost of death and illnesses rise, there is reduction or liquidation of any savings they may have as well as a reduction in their asset base of equipment and animals. Apart from material loss rural households are also losing social solidarity through loosening of social bonds and the thinning of social fabrics (Rugalema, 1999).