By S. Alexander Weinstock

The plans for this research have been formulated among 1956 and 1958. For a while then, I were attracted to the strategies of private and social lodging and within the components that have been chargeable for resistance to alter. whereas a graduate scholar at Columbia collage at the moment, i used to be additionally affiliated with a multidisciplinary examine team at Cornell collage scientific schools learning the reactions of individuals of assorted cultural and social backgrounds to occasions of pressure. The Hungarian refugees have been one of many teams being studied. I therefore determined to adopt a learn of the method of acculturation, the Hungarian refugees supplying an incredible inhabitants. i didn't anticipate to come across any severe problems. keep in mind that, the paintings was once beset with each type of hassle, monetary, conceptual, etc., that sometimes accompanies learn initiatives. it is just now, greater than a decade later, that i'm capable of current my findings of their ultimate shape. i'm happy to have this chance to specific my inĀ­ debtedness to the numerous those who made thIS examine attainable. i've been lucky in having academics, colleagues, and pals, a similar individual, who helped me within the formula frequently all in of the matter, provided encouragement alongside each step, and taught me the very abilities i used to be to use.

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Extra resources for Acculturation and Occupation: A Study of the 1956 Hungarian Refugees in the United States

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Eds of thousands of the oppressed landless peasants. World War I brought about the end of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. A new democratic government headed by Count Karolyi, was formed in October I9IS, proclaimed the country an independent republic and tried to effect democratic and social transformation by a series of reforms favoring the ethnic minorities and granting land to the peasants. The Count's efforts came too late, however. Hungary had fallen into a state of despair over the dismemberment of the country demanded by the victorious Allies.

The subscales are measures of associations, language usage, self-perception, food habits, desire to acculturate, and group identification. The test was developed by comparing the responses of "old-line Americans" (native-born Americans with American grandparents) with ethnics. The chi-square test was used as a measure of discrimination. " 2 In his final version of the scale, Campisi selected items which discriminated significantly between "old-line Americans" and three other groups: Italian, French-Canadian, and Portugese immigrants.

Houses were made habitable. Shops and factories were reopened by their former owners. Free enterprise flourished. One of the first acts of the coalition government was to complete a program of land reform. The peasants felt that at last they had a place in Hungarian society. The major Nazi collaborators were punished; some were hanged, others jailed after public trials. On the surface at least, Hungary seemed to have the most democratic regime in its history. Even objective foreign observers were impressed with the rapid rate of economic recovery in Hungary.

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